The President of the United States is the head of both the state and central government of the country. He/She is also the head of the Executive Branch of the federal government and is the Supreme Commander of the armed forces of United States.
Article II of the United States invests the executive power of the country in the President, which entitles him/her with the execution of federal law and gives him/her the power of appointing federal, executive, diplomatic and judicial officers. These officers are appointed to assist him/her in day-to-day activities.
The President's deputy is known as the Vice President and he/she is also elected nationally. The Vice President gets elected after the new President has been sworn in; and the former gets elected by the members who elect the President.
Being the President of the most powerful country in the world is definitely not an easy task. With the powers of the Executive Branch invested in him/her, the President is responsible for every major decision taken by the government.
"The Most Powerful Man in the World", "The Leader of the New World" and the "The Person in Charge of the United States Government" are few phrases used to describe the President of the US.
In spite of what most people think, the President just doesn't sit in the Oval office and plays golf. The schedule is pretty tight as he/she has to perform a range of duties planned for the day.
- The President's cabinet consists of 15 members who are elected by him/her. These members act as the heads of 15 executive departments which help in the day-to-day administration of the country.
- He/She has the right to grant reprieves and pardons to convicts, except in the period of impeachment.
- The President of the US has the power to make new treaties and rules for the betterment of the country with the occurrence of the senate.
- It is his/her duty to appoint supreme court judges, chief justice and various other government officers. It is also his/her responsibility to appoint the heads of 50 independent federal commissions to ensure the smooth functioning of the administration.
- The President has the right to convert a legislation into a law or to veto a bill designed by the Congress. However, the Congress has the right to challenge the veto with a two-third vote of both the houses.
- The President has full authority to take action against any nation posing threat to the safety and security of the United Sates.
- The President has the power to retaliate against any person, organization or state suspected of supporting any terrorist outfit.
- The President receives foreign ambassadors and makes sure that relations between the US and other countries prosper.
President Franklin Roosevelt often participated in chat sessions with the people of United States over the radio. These chat sessions were called 'Fireside Chats'. In these interactive sessions, the President addressed the nation about important federal policies and the laws which were going to be discussed in the house.
It was these chat sessions that made him a very popular political figure and he was sworn in the office for four times. After Roosevelt, no other President has been in direct contact with the people, however, every one of them tried to work for the betterment of the nation in their own way.
According to the US constitution, domestic responsibilities of the President fall under two categories; Law and Economy.
- The President ensures that laws of the country are carried out under any circumstances. He does it with the help of federal regulating agencies like Federal Trade Commission and Exchange Commission. Both of these executive branches were created to make sure that laws were being followed, with the Justice Department ensuring that crime rate is at a minimum.
- The President may sometimes oversee the creation of a new regulatory body for which could prove helpful in better administration.
- According to the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921, the President is also responsible for preparing the budget of the country. He/She takes the help of the Office of Management and Budget and presents the budget ever year in front of the Congress who can accept or reject the proposal.
- Any legal decision made by the President such as the increase or decrease of taxes or levying the tariffs on the import and export directly affects the economy and lives of the people of the country.
- While preparing the budget the President has to give out specific details to the Congress regarding transfer of funds for different federal sectors. The President's decision on spending can lead to an increase in taxes.
- In times of war, when the country faces an economic crisis, he has more power due to the fast decisions he has to make in this testing times.
The Constitution enlists three qualifications for the Presidency - the candidate must be of 35 years, must be a natural-born citizen and must have resided in the country for at least 14 years.
Although millions of Americans vote in the Presidential election every four years, the President is not elected directly by them. He/She, is elected by the Members of the Electoral College which are elected by the people from all states.