Years ago, telegraph operators were called 'hams' and this is how amateur radio operators got the name. Initially their main aim was to build their own equipment and tweak it to the most distance they could.
Remember that just because hams are called amateur radio operators doesn't mean their skills are amateurish, it just means that the communication via ham radios cannot be used for commercial or money making purposes.
Ham Radio License
To be a ham radio operator, you need to pass a licensing exam and acquire different level licenses. This is a technical hobby that is encouraged by the US Federal Government. Hams come from every aspect of life, be it doctors, lawyers, business executives, or students, there is no specific age, caste, creed, color, or gender for being a ham radio operator.
These days getting started with ham radios has never been easier, no longer do you need to learn about Morse code to get your first ham license of the technician class. All you need to do is pass a 35 multiple-choice question test, pass it, and you become one.
There are three levels or classes in the United States of America, and these are granted or issued by the Federal Communications Commission. These classes of license are:
- Technician Class: The technician class license is specifically designed for beginners. This license allows these operators to have ten-meter voice privilege along with CW on 80, 40, 15, and 10 meters. It also authorizes ham radio users to a privilege of above 30 MHz. Technician class hams can operate FM service, computers, TV, and other modes as well.
- Being a technician class ham also allows you to make international radio contacts through ham radio satellites. To get a technician class license requires you to give an entry-level test which is a written exam designed keeping a beginner in mind.
- General Class Ham License: This is the second level and also the most popular. It gives you all the privileges on all ham bands.
- Extra Class: This is considered to be the most advanced level of ham license. This license give you access to all ham bands and ham radio frequencies.
Ham Radio Equipment
A typical ham radio is a basic transmitter and a receiver which can be purchased as one unit that is called the transceiver. These days there are newer transceiver models that may seem a bit complicated with controls and menu systems and will take a little understanding (and reading of the manual).
If you are a beginner at hams, it is best if you get older equipment as it is simple and easy to use and they have the basic analog controls. Handheld transceivers will have their own antennas to catch frequencies.
If you are using your ham while traveling, then a magnetic mount antenna is connected to an under-dash transceiver or to a handheld transceiver. The power output depends on the size of the equipment, handheld, or desktop. The power can be anything from 10 milli watts to 1500 watts.