Here, let's find out what a career in computer programming entails along with their prerequisites and long term prospects.
So what exactly is a computer algorithm? Say your objective is to perform a certain task (in case of pinball, it is striking the ball with the lever and preventing it from entering danger zone). An algorithm is a series of steps or rules, based on pure logic, in which you begin from the starting point and progress towards achieving the desired objective.
Types of Careers
Careers in computer programming are of three types:
- application development
- system programming
- software testing
If you think of computer programming to be a tree, then application development, system programming and software testing are its 3 main branches. Each one of these branches has a number of smaller sub-branches. For example, game designing, computer animation, website designing, etc., are sub-branches, belonging to the main branch of application development.
Different programming careers have different requirements in terms of skill set, knowledge of computer tools and programming languages, and working experience. A formal degree in computer engineering is the best choice for youngsters who are serious about an IT job.
There are plenty of job specific courses, if obtaining a formal degree in computer engineering isn't feasible. Diplomas or certificate programs in animation, web development, software testing, etc., are beneficial for people who don't own a formal degree yet are interested in pursuing computer programming.
A programmer's job description also involves refining ideas, debugging, rewriting, maintaining and testing pieces of software, ensuring that they are able to correctly and effectively perform the task that they have been developed for.
Computer programmers usually need to be conversant with several different programming languages. The projects that they handle can be short - involving only a few days of coding, medium - requiring a couple of months, or large - needing a year or more.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has found that the average salary for a qualified computer engineer is around $60,889 per year. The highest paid 10% of computer engineers made around $99,043 a year, while the lowest paid 10 % earned $36,105 per year on an average.