Community organizations are local bodies that help to strengthen the bond between members of the community and work for the general welfare of its citizens. There are several steps in community organizing, and it is a time-consuming and continuous process. It brings together people living in proximity to each other and acts in their common interest.
Types of Community Organizing
There are three basic types of community organizing. These are grassroots organizing, faith-based community organizing, and coalition building. The grassroots organizations are often movements that are functional at the local level, wherein the volunteers work to support the local political party.
The faith-based community organizations are those that are religious in nature. On the other hand, coalition organizations form alliances between individuals, who cooperate in joint action for a common cause. These organizations can have their own area of interest or inclination, be it politics, religion, social service, or general welfare of the community.
A community organizer needs to be a good leader. He should be able to work with a group of people and be able to guide them in a common cause. He needs to be determined and focused about the objectives of the group.
He should be able to spot the challenges in the society, and have the ability to come up with innovative solutions and campaigns to tackle these problems. Creating a sense of unity and harmony among the members is an important aspect of this role.
A good organizer needs to be open not only to suggestions and ideas, but also to healthy criticism. He has to be an optimist in the face of challenges and problems, and not get intimidated.
Moreover, he cannot do without excellent organizational skills. An ability to focus on the goals of the community as a whole and without any bias, would hold him in good stead as far as decision-making is concerned.
Ninety percent of organizing is follow-up. Follow-up means both keeping in touch with people to get their jobs done, and planning for the fact that a few people won't be able to complete their tasks. These professionals always make time for follow-up.
Community organization must never be seen as merely a job. This is now becoming a very honorable profession. He is a producer and conserver of social values, which is at the heart of any democracy.